COP, or the Conference of Parties are the United Nations Climate Change Conferences that happen each year. COP27, will be the 27th time the world has come together for the global summit. Where their main aims are to cut human interference that is a danger to our climatic systems and to also reduce our greenhouse gas emissions.

Plans for the global summit, have already begun with talks from the 6th of June which went on for 10 days, that took place in Bonn, Germany. The summit itself in November is expected to be attended by 200 world leaders and 30,00 delegates.

It is planned that those at COP27 will discuss how to action their pledges that they made at COP26, by turning them into plans. One of the main goals of COP27 is to accelerate the rate in which countries are taking action. Climate finance will also be a topic up for discussion, as LDCS and developing countries will need help financing their sustainable futures. They will also examine the steps developed countries need to take in order to help developing countries adapt to the changing world and how they will cope with issues caused by climate change that are already happening.

There is some speculation however that COP27 won’t be as effective as it should be. COP26 led to many countries agreeing that the world needs to reach net zero. Although many of the phrases used, including phase-down instead of phase-out when discussing coal, seems too ambiguous to prove that countries will definitely do their part to reduce climate change and look for cleaner energy sources.

One of the biggest worries that faces COP27 is the invasion carried out by Russia in Ukraine. Due to the violence and the shock of the invasion, many countries have become less co-operative as a part of their national security.

There is not only worry about the national security of their countries, but also for their energy security. Many European countries have relied on the gas imported from Russia and they may now look towards other countries that offer a fossil fuel solution as a quick fix to their shortages, without considering renewable energy. Other countries, like the UK have begun to put plans in place to exploit their own oil and gas reserves, which could hinder their proposed plans to get to net zero by 2050.

On the other hand, this may force countries to look towards renewable energy sources much sooner. The war on Russia has meant that countries around the world are now realising how vulnerable their energy sources are. Most renewable energy sources can be sourced directly from the country it is needed in. Meaning that there is less dependence on other, possibly hostile, countries that would have a monopoly over the energy a country can receive and use.